“The task of educators is immense because human progress and world peace are in their hands”

- Maria Montessori

“The task of educators is immense because human progress and world peace are in their hands”​​

- Maria Montessori

Primary Program

Ages: 3-6 years

Grades: 3K-5K

Primary Program Classrooms

Our Primary classroom, serving ages 3-6, is uniquely suited to the needs of its students. This prepared environment is designed with low sinks, chairs, and tables, a reading corner, easy-to-reach shelves, and child-sized kitchen and cleaning tools. These elements allow for independence and help your child develop fine and gross motor skills.

The learning environment cultivates individualization, freedom of choice, concentration, independence, problem-solving abilities, social interaction, and the development of conflict-resolution skills. Children are guided to learn through the use of concrete, hands-on materials. The environment is child-centered and orderly.

Primary Curriculum

The Primary classroom, often refered to as “the Children’s House”, offers the child five main areas of study: Practical Life, Sensorial, Math, Language, and Cultural Studies. What are the lessons in these areas?

Practical Life

With Practical Life lessons, children learn daily life skills, such as how to get dressed, prepare snacks, set the table, sort objects, control utensils, and care for plants and animals. They also learn appropriate social interactions, such as saying “please” and “thank you”, being kind and helpful, listening without interrupting, and resolving conflicts peacefully. In addition to teaching specific skills, Practical Life activities promote independence and fine- and gross-motor coordination.


Children refine skills in perceiving the world through their different senses and learn how to describe and name their experiences—for example, rough and smooth, perceived through touch. Sensorial learning helps children classify their surroundings and create order. It lays the foundation for learning skills necessary in math, geometry, and language.


Through hands-on activities, children learn to identify numerals and match them to their quantity, understand place-value and the base-10 system, and practice addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. They also explore patterns in the numbering system. With an exploratory approach, children do more than just memorize math facts; they gain a firm understanding of the meaning behind them.


Activities throughout the Primary classroom teach language, help children acquire vocabulary, and develop skills needed for writing and reading. The ability to write is a precursor to reading in the Montessori method. Writing is taught first using hands-on materials to learn letter sounds, materials for combining sounds to make words and building sentences, and materials to build hand strength for pencil usage. Once these skills are acquired, children spontaneously learn to read.

Cultural Studies

A wide range of subjects, including history, geography, science, art, and music, are integrated into lessons in the cultural area of the curriculum. Children learn about their own community and the world around them. Discovering similarities and differences among people and places helps them develop an understanding and appreciation of the diversity of our world and develops a respect for all living things.

Enrichments Programs for Primary

Along with our American Montessori Society accredited curriculum, we provide children with unique enrichment activities to further develop their appreciation and understanding of the world around them.



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What Your Child Will Learn

  • Remove shoes before entering the classroom and put their own belongings away
  • Must be independently toilet trained
  • Change their clothes themselves if/when needed
  • Prepare daily snacks for their peers
  • Opening their food containers independently
  • Clean up after themselves and restore their work to the shelves
  • And many more autonomous and independent tasks
  • Peer teaching
  • Choose challenging work
  • Restore their work when done
  • Speaking to people of all ages from many backgrounds
  • And many more confidence and competence building interactions
  • Ask the teacher for a lesson that they’ve observed a friend doing
  • Choose to work independently and complete the task without seeking external praise
  • Progress through lessons at their own pace
  • Increased self-assessment through a nurturing environment
  • And countless other moments for reflection and internal celebration
  • Engage in a variety of efforts to help others, including multiple charity opportunities for your child to take part in
  • Foster an environment that supports self-identity while being able to see through the lens of other individuals in our global community
  • Learn from guest experts who teach an appreciation for Gullah-Geechee Culture, Ukrainian history, and Jazz music, among a variety of other lessons
  • Experience diverse cultural celebrations such as Diwali, Hanukkah, and Kwanzaa
  • And every year new guest experts share their experiences to broaden our students perspectives
  • How to roll a rug (workmat)
  • Walking on a line
  • Sensorial works such as listening activities
  • Vocabulary building
  • Decoding words through phonics
  • Developing concentration through the use of practical life activities
  • Developing fine motor skill and pincer grip through practical life lessons and through the use of small knobs
  • Sorting and sequencing
  • And everything else a primary student needs to succeed at the next level
  • Introduction to the three states of matter
  • Introduction to the hemispheres
  • Learning about other cultures and heritages, much of which is prompted through map work
  • Learning to respect oneself, others, and the environment
  • Learning to extend help to others
  • And innumerable other ways to build sensitivity to the natural world

Meet The Primary School Teachers

The role of a Montessori teacher at all levels is to prepare the environment, present lessons, observe the students, and facilitate the child’s learning progress. A Montessori Primary teacher is a silent presenter, observer, and role model. They do not interfere in the child’s work unless necessary.

Frequently Asked Questions About Montessori

Dr. Montessori first developed her educational approach while working with a preschool population. She gradually extended her approach to children and youth of all ages. Today, some Montessori schools provide all levels of learning, from infant & toddler through the secondary (high school) level. Others offer only certain levels.

The benefits of Montessori, the emphasis on independent learning, for example, and the warm, supportive community, continue to be important at each stage of development as children grow into lifelong learners and responsible citizens of the world.

Dr. Montessori observed that children are more motivated to learn when working on something of their choosing. A Montessori student may choose their focus of learning on any given day, but their decision is limited by the materials and activities, in each area of the curriculum, that their teacher has prepared and presented to them.
Beginning at the elementary level, students typically set learning goals and create personal work plans under their teacher’s guidance.

Montessori schools teach the same basic skills as traditional schools and offer a rigorous academic program. Most of the subject areas are familiar, such as math, science, history, geography, and language, but they are presented through an integrated approach that brings separate strands of the curriculum together.

While studying a map of Africa, for example, students may explore the art, history, and inventions of several African nations. This may lead them to examine ancient Egypt, including hieroglyphs and their place in the history of writing. The study of the pyramids, of course, is a natural bridge to geometry.

This approach to curriculum shows the interrelatedness of all things. It also allows students to become thoroughly immersed in a topic, and gives their curiosity full rein.

Although students are free to work at their own pace, they’re not going it alone. The Montessori teacher closely observes each child and provides materials and activities that advance their learning by building on skills and knowledge already gained. This gentle guidance helps them master the challenge at hand, and protects them from moving on before he’s ready, which is what actually causes children to “fall behind.”

Dr. Montessori realized that children’s play is their work, their effort to master their own bodies and environment, and out of respect, she used the term “work” to describe all their classroom activities. Montessori students work hard, but they don’t experience it as drudgery; rather, it’s an expression of their natural curiosity and desire to learn.

Grades, like other external rewards, have a little lasting effect on a child’s efforts or achievements. The Montessori approach nurtures the motivation that comes from within, kindling the child’s natural desire to learn.

A self-motivated learner also learns to be self-sufficient, without needing reinforcement from outside. In the classroom, of course, the teacher is always available to provide students with guidance and support. 

Although most Montessori teachers don’t assign grades, they closely observe each student’s progress and readiness to advance to new lessons. Most schools hold family conferences a few times a year so parents may see their child’s work and hear the teacher’s assessment, and perhaps even their child’s self-assessment.

An advantage of the Montessori approach, including multi-age classrooms with students of varying abilities and interests, is that it allows each child to work at her own pace. Students whose strengths and interests propel them to higher levels of learning can find intellectual challenges without being separated from their peers. The same is true for students who may need extra guidance and support: each can progress through the curriculum at their own comfortable pace, without feeling pressure to “catch up.”

We might note that from a Montessori perspective, every child is considered gifted, each in her way. Every child has their unique strengths, it is all a matter of degree.

There is a small but growing body of well-designed research comparing Montessori students to those in traditional schools. These suggest that in academic subjects, Montessori students perform as well as or better than their non-Montessori peers.

In one study, for example, children who had attended Montessori schools at the preschool and elementary levels earned higher scores in high school on standardized math and science tests. Another study found that the essays of 12-year-old Montessori students were more creative and used more complex sentence structures than those produced by the non-Montessori group.

The research also shows that Montessori students have greater social and behavioral skills. They demonstrate a greater sense of fairness and justice, for example, and are more likely to choose positive responses for dealing with social dilemmas.

By less stringent measures, too, Montessori students seem to do quite well. Most Montessori schools report that their students are typically accepted into the high schools and colleges of their choice. And many successful grads cite their years at Montessori when reflecting on important influences in their life.

Where Next? Lower Elementary

As a direct continuation of all of the skills a child develops in our Primary program, the Lower Elementary classroom provides a new environment in which to explore and be inspired.